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PEER REVIEWED PAPER

Controlling Barium Sulphate Scale Deposition Problems in a Sack Kraft Paper Mill

Bruce Sithole
University of KwaZulu-Natal,
CSIR Forest and Forest Products Research Centre

ABSTRACT

Troubleshooting of scale deposits and defects in paper samples showed that the problem was caused by barium sulphate and calcium sulphate scales. However, it was ascertained that barium sulphate was more of a concern than calcium sulphate as it is more tenacious than the calcium sulphate scale. A study of the inputs of the scale components found that the major inputs of barium into the mill system were the wood chips and bark contamination. The major inputs of the sulphate component of the scale were sulphuric acid used for pH control and alum used for rosin sizing.

Evaluation of several options for mitigating the scale deposition problem showed that bark removal and continuous application of a scale inhibitor comprised of phosphates/phosphonates and polyacrylates were effective in reducing and controlling the scale deposit problems. Institution of these measures led to a cleaner paper machine that required far fewer boil outs than before. In addition, productivity improved and the fisheye defects disappeared

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